Cappadocia: Exploring the Unique Landscapes and Traditions of Central Turkey

Cappadocia is a region in central Turkey known for its unique geological formations, ancient cave dwellings, and rich history. The history of Cappadocia dates back to ancient times.

Cappadocia: Exploring the Unique Landscapes and Traditions of Central Turkey
02-05-2023
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Last update 02-05-2023
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The Fascinating History of Cappadocia

Cappadocia is a region in central Turkey known for its unique geological formations, ancient cave dwellings, and rich history. The history of Cappadocia dates back to ancient times, and the region has been inhabited by various civilizations throughout history. Here is a brief overview of the fascinating history of Cappadocia.

Early History

The earliest known inhabitants of Cappadocia were the Hittites, who established a kingdom in the region in the 18th century BCE. The Hittites were followed by the Assyrians, who controlled the region for several centuries. In the 6th century BCE, the Persians conquered Cappadocia and established it as a satrapy, or province, of the Achaemenid Empire.

Roman and Byzantine Era

In the 1st century BCE, Cappadocia came under the control of the Roman Empire. The Romans established several cities in the region, including Caesarea Mazaca, which became the capital of the Roman province of Cappadocia. During the Roman period, Cappadocia became known for its impressive architecture, including its rock-cut churches and monasteries.

In the 4th century CE, Cappadocia became an important center of early Christianity. Several monastic communities were established in the region and many of the rock-cut churches and monasteries that can be seen today date back to this period. During the Byzantine era, Cappadocia continued to flourish as a center of Christianity, and many new churches and monasteries were built.

Seljuk and Ottoman Era

In the 11th century CE, Cappadocia came under the control of the Seljuk Turks. The Seljuks established several cities in the region, including Kayseri and Sivas, and built impressive mosques and other Islamic buildings. During the Ottoman era, Cappadocia continued to be an important region, and several Ottoman buildings and monuments can be seen in the region today.

Modern Era

In the 20th century, Cappadocia became an important center of tourism. The unique geological formations, ancient cave dwellings, and rich history of the region have attracted visitors from all over the world. Today, Cappadocia is a popular destination for travelers looking to experience the beauty and culture of Turkey.

Cappadocia

Things to do in Cappadocia 

  • Balloon Rides

One of the best ways to experience the unique landscape of Cappadocia is by taking a hot air balloon ride. The hot air balloons take off early in the morning, giving you a breathtaking view of the sunrise over the fairy chimneys and valleys.

  • Underground Cities

Cappadocia is home to several underground cities that were used for protection during times of war. The most famous of these is the Derinkuyu Underground City, which is over 18 stories deep and can house up to 20,000 people. Visitors can explore the underground tunnels and rooms and get a glimpse into the history of the region.

  • Goreme Open Air Museum

The Goreme Open Air Museum is a UNESCO World Heritage site that features several well-preserved rock-cut churches and monasteries. The churches are adorned with beautiful frescoes that date back to the 10th century.

  • Hiking

Cappadocia has several hiking trails that offer stunning views of the landscape. The Red Valley and Rose Valley are popular hiking destinations, with their unique rock formations and colorful valleys.

  • Turkish Night Show

For a taste of Turkish culture, attend a Turkish Night Show. The show includes traditional Turkish music, dance performances, and a dinner of local cuisine.

Where to Stay in Cappadocia 

There are several accommodation options in Cappadocia, ranging from budget-friendly hostels to luxury hotels. Some of the most popular areas to stay in are Goreme, Urgup, and Uchisar.

Cappadocia is about (730.2 km) away from Istanbul, about 8 hours by car. It is also possible to take a fast train from Istanbul to Konya and then a bus from Konya to Cappadocia, and it is possible to travel by plane for 4-5 hours.

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