As it is known, Turkey is considered the most important tourist country in the world and is ranked seventh as the most visited destination for tourists, and this is due to the meeting of several factors together, the most important of which is the distinctive strategic location of Turkey between the continents of Europe and Asia in addition to the beautiful terrain that it enjoys where we can We find in Turkey many seas, high and tall mountain ranges, vast and extended green areas, as well as its charming climate, as it is characterized by cold winters and mild summers suitable for summer trips and recreation.
And every city in Turkey has its own charm and unique beauty that attracts attention and grabs minds, and perhaps the most beautiful city in it is the Turkish city of Trabzon. Where is it located? And what is it distinguished? This is what we will learn about in this article.
The city of Trabzon is located in the northeastern part of Turkey and overlooks the Black Sea, which gives it great commercial importance. The area of the city is about 6700 square kilometers. Its population reaches about 700 thousand people and it is the second-largest city overlooking the Black Sea.
As for the reason why Trabzon is called this name, there have been many rumors, as some believe that its name is derived from the word Trapezius, which means four corners about the four corners of its famous castle, and some others indicate that its name is derived from Trabzon, which is the name of one of the mythical figures within the Greek civilization.
In the past, Trabzon belonged to the Greeks, and then it was controlled by the Romans until it fell into the hands of the Ottomans and became a Turkish city.
Trabzon is known to be covered with large green areas, as 77% of its area is composed of mountains, plateaus, and green plains.
As we have already mentioned, the city of Trabzon is famous for its topography and its picturesque nature, as twelve rivers pass through it, the most important of which are the Fludra River, the Yan Polo River, and the Surmina River. The city also contains about 4 lakes, the most important of which is Uzungol Lake, which attracts a large number of tourists and Trout live within this lake.
As for the city’s climate, it is subtropical, as it enjoys a hot and humid summer in which the temperature reaches about 25 degrees. As for the winter, it is characterized by the fall of large and abundant amounts of rain and snow that cover the city for many months.
Trabzon comes at the forefront of the cities that attract tourists from all over the world around the world and is rich in some important tourist sites, perhaps the most prominent of which are:
Uzungöl distinct village:
The village is about 100 square kilometers from Trabzon and needs to be reached in about an hour and a half, as for its location, it is located between several valleys and overlooks the magnificent Uzungöl Lake and is surrounded by several green forests and has a charming foggy atmosphere that gives it a nice atmosphere And unique.
And there are many activities that you can do in the village, such as visiting the lake, in addition to trying the famous restaurants in the area, which are characterized by serving the most delicious seafood. You can also visit fish farms and take many photos.
The ancient castle of Trabzon:
This castle is considered one of the most important tourist attractions in the city and was created in the past to respond to enemy attacks. It is composed of three sections: the upper, middle, and lower castle and contains many details that capture the heart and mind, so do not forget to carry a camera with you to document the special moments.
Sultan Murad Heights:
These highlands are located in the western part of the city of Trabzon, and I acquired this name after the stay of Sultan Murad, and it is undoubtedly considered one of the most beautiful mountain areas because of its unreasonable sights, so you will feel that you are among the clouds because of their height.
Chal Cave Trabzon:
This cave is considered one of the longest caves, as it extends for a distance of 8 km and allows people to cross one kilometer inside it. It is especially useful for asthmatics due to the clean airflow that passes through it.
This cave covers water that reaches 5 meters in winter, and in summer it drops to about 25 cm.
This monastery is located within Mount Mila, which is one of the mountains that make up the Pontic Range in Trabzon. This monastery belongs to the Greek Orthodox and has great cultural and historical importance as well as being one of the most important religious places for Christians and attracting a large number of tourists from all over Turkey. And the world.